Renovation of Ta Dzong

Since its construction in mid 17th century (1649) the Ta Dzong underwent its first ever major renovation following the earthquake of September 18th 2011. The earthquake rendered the Ta Dzong unsafe for both the visitors and the thousands of objects. The renovation project was funded by the Government of India, which took off from 8th April 2014 executed by the Division for Conservation of Heritage Sites, Department of Culture.

As of now, structural renovation of the Ta Dzong is complete in all respects, and re-electrification is going these days. The galleries are being fitted with lightings which conforms to the international standards of other museums around the globe and is expected to be complete by the end of this year. If the re-electrification goes as planned, we hope to re-open the renovated Ta Dzong by the beginning of next year.

After renovation

After renovation

During renovation

During renovation

Dismantling of damaged walls in progress

Dismantling of damaged walls in progress

 

Winter timing

The National Museum of Bhutan, Paro will be following its winter timing from November to February as detailed below:

The museum is open throughout the week from 9 am to 4 PM everyday, except on government and local holidays. The ticket counter will now close at 3.30 PM everyday.

Golden Jubilee Celebrations of National Museum

The National Museum of Bhutan, Paro will celebrate its golden jubilee in 2018 with the following activities:

1. Hosting of 16th special exhibition October 2018

2. Hosting of symposia with participation of museum professionals and directors from the SAARC region and beyond in October 2018

3. Free admittance of visitors through October 15th to 30th 2018

4. Launching of museum news letter.

Bhutan Exhibition – A Hint to Happiness in Japan

The on-going Bhutan exhibition in Japan is entering its final phase on October 31st, 2017 when it will be opened to the public at Hiroshima, Japan. The exhibition at Hiroshima will remain open to the public for about two months.

The exhibition organized by the TOEI Company Ltd., Tokyo, Japan in close collaboration of the National Museum of Bhutan, Department of Culture, Ministry of Home & Cultural Affairs. It was organized in celebration of 30 years of establishment of diplomatic relations between Japan and Bhutan and as a reciprocal gift from Bhutan to the people of Japan.

Ta Dzong – Re-electrification underway

Having completed the structural renovation of the Ta Dzong, the re-electrification of the 7 floors of the Ta Dzong is in full swing. The museum management hopes that the re-electrification works will be completed by the mid of December 2017, which will be followed by testing, commissioning and training of electrician by the project management.

 

Description on the different types of rocks found in Bhutan

Aside

Description on the different types of rocks found in Bhutan

1.   Limestone

Collected from: Goltay, Gelephu Dzongkhag

Structure: Massive

Colours: Gr ay, gr eenish, or blackish.

Origin: It is non-clastic sedimentary rock containing calcum carbonate in the form of calcite. It must be formed by precipitation in the sedimentary basin.

Mineralogy:  Calcium  car bonate,  dolomite,  quar tz,  feld spar and iron oxide.

Uses: Cement pr oduction and a sour ce of calcium

carbonate. In addition, limestone is used as an additive to  Bhutanese paintings and consumed along with “doma” (areca nut and betel leaf with a dash of lime).

2.   Gypsum

Collected from: Pemagatshel Dzongkhag

Category: Sulfate miner al

Colours: Color less to white; with impur ities may be yellow, tan, blue, pink, brown, reddish, brown or gray.

Uses: Cement pr oduction, Plaster of Par is (POP)

 

 

3.   Coarse Grained White Marble

 

Collected from: Par o Dzongkhag

Structure: Cataclastic

Mineralogy: Calcite Accessor y miner als-Olivine, Serpentine, Garnet, Amphiboles (only essential mineral)

Type  of  metamorphism:  Ther mal  metamor phism.  It  is due to  influence of temperature alone on the

pre-existing rock.

Colours: The color of mar ble can r ange fr om the pur est white to black, ranging through the warmer colors in between de  pending on the other mineral impurities.

Uses: Constr uction mater ial, feed pr oduction and in sculpturing

 

 

4.  Talc

 

Collected from: Samtse Dzongkhag

Category: Miner als

Origin: Talc is a common silicate miner al that is distinguished from almost all other minerals by its extreme softness.

Colours: white, gr ey, gr een, blue, or silver

Uses: Mainly expor ted to India and Bangladesh for Paper production, ground talc is used as filler in ceramics, paint, paper, roofing, plastics, cosmetics, agriculture, carve figurines. Minor uses involves in tailoring shops in  Bhutan.

 

 

5. Sandstone

 

Collected from: Nganglam, Pemagatshel Dzongkhag

Mineralogy: Mostly quar tz, feldspar, Mica, Gar net, Magnetite

Structure: Massive/ r ipple mar ks and gr aded bedding

Origin: The r ock has got clastic textur e, medium gr ained with rounded pebbles which result in longer distance transport of sediments.

Colours: gr ay, tan and r ed.

Uses: If compact and massive, it is used for constr uction of gabion walls/retaining walls.

 

 

6.   Fine Grained Quartzite

 

Collected from: Pemagatshel Dzongkhag

Structure: Gr anulose

Mineralogy: Quar tz, Micas, Feldspar, Gar net, Amphiboles

Type  of  metamorphism:  Ther mal  metamor phism.  It  is due to influence of temperature alone on the

pre-existing rock.

Colours: Gr ay, white, pink (var ies gr eatly depending on its content of mineral impurities)

Uses: If low gr ade, it is used for  constr uction mater ials, and if high grade, it is used in Ferro-silicon industry.


7.   Pebbly Phyllite

Collected from: Nganglam, Pemagatshel Dzongkhag

Mineralogy: Essential miner als like Micas + Chlor ite + Talc+ Hornblende + Tremolite + Actinolite + Kyanite Accessory minerals like Quartz + Feldspar + Staurolite Garnet + Alsite

Colours: Gr ay

Uses: Not used for economic pur poses in Bhutan.

 

 

  1. 8.   Calcareous Quartzite Collected from: Thimphu Dzongkhag Structure: Gr anulose

Mineralogy: Quar tz + Micas + Feldspar + Gar net + Amphiboles

Type  of  metamorphism:  Ther mal  metamor phism.  It  is due to influence of temperature alone on the

pre-existing rock.

Colours: Gr ay, white, pink (var ies gr eatly depending on its content of mineral impurities)

Uses: Constr uction mater ial

 

 

9.   Granetiferous Biotite Schist

 

Collected from: Thimphu Dzongkhag

Structure: Schistose

Mineralogy: Essential miner als like Micas + Chlorite+Talc+      Hornblende +Tremolite +Actinolite + Kyanite Accessory minerals like Quartz + Feldspar + Staurolite + Garnet+ Andalusite

Type of metamorphism: Dynother mal metamor phism. It is due to influence of directed pressure and temperature on the pre-existing rock in mero zone.

Colours: Mixtur e of black and white.

Uses: Not used for economic pur poses in Bhutan.

 

 

10.   Micaceous Quartzite

 

Collected from: Bunagu, Chunkha Dzongkhag

Structure: Gr anulose

Mineralogy: Quar tz + Micas + Feldspar + Biotite + Garnet + Amphiboles

Type  of  metamorphism:  Ther mal  metamor phism.  It  is due to influence of temperature alone on the

pre-existing rock.

Colours: Gr ay, white, pink (var ies gr eatly depending on its content of mineral impurities)

Uses: Constr uction mater ial

 

 

11.  Ferro-Silicon Grade Quartzite

 

Collected from: Hathi Dhunga, Sipsoo, Samtse Dzongkhag

Structure: Gr anulose

Mineralogy:  Quar tz  +  Micas  +  Feldspar  +  Gar net  + Ampboles

Type  of  metamorphism:  Ther mal  metamor phism.  It  is due to influence of temperature alone on the

pre-existing rock. It is    an  industrial  grade which  has more than 97% of silica.

Colours: Gr ay, white, pink (var ies gr eatly depending on its content of mineral impurities)

Uses: Used as r aw mater ial for Fer r o alloys pr oduction.

 

 

12.   Quartzite

 

Collected from: Wengkhar, Mongar Dzongkhag.

Quartzite is mostly or dominantly found in Shumar formation.

Structure: Gr anulose

Mineralogy: Quar tz + Micas + Feldspar + Gar net + Amphiboles

Type  of  metamorphism:  Ther mal  metamor phism.  It  is due to Influence of temperature alone on the

pre-existing rock.

Colours: Gr ay, white, pink (var ies gr eatly depending on its content of mineral impurities)

Uses: Constr uction mater ial (Low gr ade quar tzite).


13.   Pink quartzite

 

Collected from: Kalikhola, Sar pang Dzongkhag

Structure: Gr anulose

Mineralogy: Quar tz + Micas + Feldspar + Gar net + Amphiboles

Type  of  metamorphism:  Ther mal  metamor phism.  It  is due to influence of temperature alone on the

pre-existing rock.

Colours: Mostly pink  in  color  because of some miner al dominant.

Uses: Constr uction mater ial

 

 

14. Muscovite Collected from: Tsir ang Dzongkhag

Category: silicate miner als

Type of metamorphism: Muscovite also for ms when minerals are transformed when subjected to great heat or pressure. It usually forms in  metamorphic  rocks called schist and gneiss.

Colours: Gener ally of a white, gr ay or color less appearance

Uses: Not used for economic pur poses in Bhutan

 

 

  1. 15.     Slate Sha-Bhel Collected from: Wangdiphodr ang Dzongkhag Structure: Cataclastic/Schistose

Mineralogy: Micas + Chlor ite + Quar tz + Feldspar + Oxides of iron and many other minerals

Type of metamorphism: Cataclastic metamor phism. It is due to influence of directed pressure alone on the

pre-existing rock on epi-zone.

Colours: gr ay, r ed, br own and gr een r anging fr om dar k to  light.

Uses: Roofing, educational pur poses, and if pr oper ly se lected and laid is notably fire and water resisting, non- conductors of   heat, also durable and economical.

 

 

16.Pegmatite Collected from: Thimphu Dzongkhag Structure: Massive

Mineralogy: Quar tz + k-feldspar + Mica + Garnet

Metamorphism: It is coar se gr ained r ock or iginated fr om the magma. It is formed due to slow cooling of magma at greater depth in the crust under high temperature and pressure.

Colours: Pegmatite is often pinkish in color.

Uses: Pegmatites ar e r ich in quar tz, and often have a commercial concentration of metals such as gold and silver

 

 

  1. 17.   Granite Collected from: Shangawang Structure: Massive

Mineralogy: Essential miner als like Or thoclase + biotite

+   quartz, Accessories like Zircon + Apatite + Epidote

Metamorphism: Gr anite is a coar se gr ained r ock, for med from the magma at greater depth in the crust due to slow cooling of magma under high temperature and pressure.

Colours: pr evailing color s ar e:  Gr ays, gr eens, r eds etc. the color of granite depends on the proportions and varieties of the minerals in it.

Uses: Constr uction mater ial

 

 

18.   Conglomerate

Structure: Massive

Mineralogy: Quar tz + k-feldspar + Jasper + Chert + Ferruginous minerals

Colours: Dar k gr ey/ br own

Origin: A conglomer ate is a r ock consisting of individual clasts within a finer-grained matrix that have become cemented together. Conglomerate rocks looks like a mixture of sand and   different sizes of rounded pebbles

Uses: Constr uction mater ials