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Bojonegoro Syndicate Team

Her03xploid 

Tnks to Yana :*

Ceritakan pada mereka bahwa aku yg menyakitimu dan kau yg meninggalkanku

Jika hanya karena dia kamu meninggalkanku, suatu saat nanti aku akan membuatmu meninggalkannya karena aku

Ternyata kamu sama dan tidak berbeda, sama seperti yang lainnya; yang meninggalkanku saat sedang cinta-cintanya.

Gak ada artinya aku menunggumu kalo ujungnya kamu mau meninggalkanku.

Ada kesadaran dalam diamku. Ada penghargaan dalam teriakku, tapi tetap saja ada yg pergi meninggalkanku….

aku akan memperjuangkan siapapun yang memperjuangkan aku,bukan yang meninggalkanku

detik demi detik terus berjalan aku akan pergi dan coba tinggalkanmu bayangmu yang telah meninggalkanku

Invitation of tenders for stone slab laying in front of the new exhibition hall and steps leading down to the Ta Dzong

Sealed tenders are hereby invited from eligible national contractors (small) for the stone slabbing of the plinth area in front of the new exhibition hall cum administrative building and the steps leading down to the Ta Dzong.

The tenders can be downloaded from www.cdb.gov.bt. The last date for submission of tender is March 9th 2017 and the same will be opened at 2 PM in the chamber of the Director, National Museum, Paro. For details please call Mr. Singye Samdrup, Dy. Chief Curator at 18638094 during office hours.

Call for research papers on tangible and intangible culture of Bhutan to the upcoming 8th Colloquium

Announcement

The National Museum of Bhutan, Paro would like to invite research papers on tangible and intangible culture of Bhutan from national scholars and researchers to be presented during the upcoming 8th colloquium.

  1. Should be more than 10 pages excluding photographs with no upper limit on the number of pages
  2. If it is in Dzongkha, it should be in Jomolhari font with font size 18
  3. If it is in English, it should be in Times New Roman font with font size 12
  4. Abstracts of the paper should reach this office before the end of September 2016
  5. Last date for submission of research paper by the end of November 2016
  6. Photographs and sketches optional
  7. After the submission of the papers, the copyright shall rest with the National Museum of Bhutan.

In order to prevent repeative subjects, interested individuals may cross check the proceedings of the past 7 colloquiums. Proceedings of the past 6 colloquiums are under the news and event menu and proceedings of the 7th colloquium is given here below:

Subjects covered under the 7th colloquium

 

Sl.No. Topic
1 Choi poti   Legbam
2 Nyinda Zazin
3 Tshangkha Lhaboen
4 Dangling Solkha
5 Sakhar Namshing
6 Daga Terchham
7 Zampa
8 Motap Tsetap
9 Talo Tshechu
10 Origin of Mule’s egg
11 Terton Drukdra Dorji
12 Boensol
13 Pottery of Gangzur
14 Origin and Significant of KABNEY
15 Zhongmey Lhachham
16 Losar
17 Jawaney Atsara
18 Sangchoed
19 Archeology
20 Buddhist perception of forest
21 Pagar Lhasol
22 Lhasey Tsangma
23 Journey of Peling to Mangdey
24 Ophiocordyceps sinuses

 

 

For queries please contact:

Mr. Singye Samdrup,
Dy. Chief Curator at 17638094
or
Mr. Tashi Namgay
Assistant Curator at 17603988 during office hours

_________________________________________________________________________

 

NM/ADM-01/2016-2017/35                                                                          3rd August 2016

 

Dear Scholars and Researchers
National Scholar & Researchers

 Subject:- Research paper for 8th Colloquium

Sir/Madam,

In our endeavor of preserving and promoting our unique tradition and culture, the National Museum of Bhutan will be organizing the 8th colloquium on tangible and intangible culture of Bhutan towards the end of this year.

In this regard, we would highly appreciate if you could kindly carry out research on the above subject related to tangible and intangible culture of Bhutan and submit the paper  either in Dzongkha or English to the undersigned before or on 30th October 2016 positively.

Thanking you in anticipation,

Yours in the Dharma,

Sd/-
Khenpo Phuntsok Tashi
DIRECTOR

CC:

1. Dy. Chief Curator, NMB. for follow up

_________________________________________________________________________

རྒྱལ་འགྲེམས་/བདག་སྐྱོང་-༠༡/༢༠༡༦-༢༠༡༧/༣༤                              སྤྱི་ཚེས་ ༣/༨/༢༠༡༦ ལུ།

 

༊   འབྲུག་གི་ཞིབ་འཚོལ་མཁས་དབང་ཡོངས་ཀྱི་སྤྱན་ལམ་དུ།

 

ཞུ་དོན། ང་བཅས་རའི་རྒྱལ་ཁབ་འདི་ ལམ་སྲོལ་གྱིས་ཕྱུགས་པའི་རྒྱལ་ཁབ་ཅིག་ཨིནམ་ ང་བཅས་ག་ར་གིས་མཁྱེན་གསལ་བཞིན་དུ་ ལམ་སྲོལ་དེ་ཚུ་ཇི་སྲིད་སྐལ་པ་མ་སྟོང་གི་རིང་ལུ་ ཇི་མ་ཇི་བཞིན་དུ་གནས་ཐབས་དང་ ལྷག་པར་དུ་ ང་བཅས་རའི་རྒྱལ་ཁབ་ཀྱི་མ་འོངས་བུ་བརྒྱུད་ཚུ་ལུ་ དེའི་གོ་བརྡའ་སྤྲོད་ཐབས་དང་ རྒྱལ་ཡོངས་དགའ་སྐྱིད་དཔལ་འཛོམས་ཀྱི་ལྟ་བ་སྒྲུབ་ཐབས་ལུ་དམིགས་ཏེ་ དུས་ཅིའི་འཆར་ལོ་ནང་ལུ་ དོན་ཚན་ འབྲུག་གི་དངོས་ཅན་དང་དངོས་མེད་ལམ་སྲོལ་ཐོག་ལུ་  ཞིབ་འཚོལ་གོ་རིམ་བརྒྱད་པ་འགོ་འདྲེན་ཐབས་ནི་ཨིནམ་ལས་ དེ་ལུ་ཞིབ་འཚོལ་མཁས་དབང་ཚུ་གི་བཅའ་མར་གཏོགས་གནང་ཟེར་ཞུ་ནི་དང་། ཞིབ་འཚོལ་འདི་ སྐད་ཡིག་རྫོང་ཁ་དང་ཨིང་སྐད་གང་རུང་ལག་ལེན་འཐབ་ཆོག་པའི་ཁར་ དེའི་ཁ་གསལ་མཁྱེན་འདོད་ཡོད་པ་ཅིན་ འགྲེམས་སྟོན་ཁང་གི་ཡོངས་འབྲེལ་ཁ་བྱང་ www.nationalmuseum.gov.bt ནང་ལུ་གཟིགས་གནང་ཟེར་ཞུ་ནི་ཨིན།

Sd/-

མཁན་པོ་ཕུན་ཚོགས་བཀྲིས།

མདོ་ཆེན།

 

འདྲ་

༡ འགྲེམས་སྟོན་གཙོ་འཛིན་འགོ་དཔོན་འོགམ་ལུ།

Description on the different types of rocks found in Bhutan

Aside

Description on the different types of rocks found in Bhutan

1.   Limestone

Collected from: Goltay, Gelephu Dzongkhag

Structure: Massive

Colours: Gr ay, gr eenish, or blackish.

Origin: It is non-clastic sedimentary rock containing calcum carbonate in the form of calcite. It must be formed by precipitation in the sedimentary basin.

Mineralogy:  Calcium  car bonate,  dolomite,  quar tz,  feld spar and iron oxide.

Uses: Cement pr oduction and a sour ce of calcium

carbonate. In addition, limestone is used as an additive to  Bhutanese paintings and consumed along with “doma” (areca nut and betel leaf with a dash of lime).

2.   Gypsum

Collected from: Pemagatshel Dzongkhag

Category: Sulfate miner al

Colours: Color less to white; with impur ities may be yellow, tan, blue, pink, brown, reddish, brown or gray.

Uses: Cement pr oduction, Plaster of Par is (POP)

 

 

3.   Coarse Grained White Marble

 

Collected from: Par o Dzongkhag

Structure: Cataclastic

Mineralogy: Calcite Accessor y miner als-Olivine, Serpentine, Garnet, Amphiboles (only essential mineral)

Type  of  metamorphism:  Ther mal  metamor phism.  It  is due to  influence of temperature alone on the

pre-existing rock.

Colours: The color of mar ble can r ange fr om the pur est white to black, ranging through the warmer colors in between de  pending on the other mineral impurities.

Uses: Constr uction mater ial, feed pr oduction and in sculpturing

 

 

4.  Talc

 

Collected from: Samtse Dzongkhag

Category: Miner als

Origin: Talc is a common silicate miner al that is distinguished from almost all other minerals by its extreme softness.

Colours: white, gr ey, gr een, blue, or silver

Uses: Mainly expor ted to India and Bangladesh for Paper production, ground talc is used as filler in ceramics, paint, paper, roofing, plastics, cosmetics, agriculture, carve figurines. Minor uses involves in tailoring shops in  Bhutan.

 

 

5. Sandstone

 

Collected from: Nganglam, Pemagatshel Dzongkhag

Mineralogy: Mostly quar tz, feldspar, Mica, Gar net, Magnetite

Structure: Massive/ r ipple mar ks and gr aded bedding

Origin: The r ock has got clastic textur e, medium gr ained with rounded pebbles which result in longer distance transport of sediments.

Colours: gr ay, tan and r ed.

Uses: If compact and massive, it is used for constr uction of gabion walls/retaining walls.

 

 

6.   Fine Grained Quartzite

 

Collected from: Pemagatshel Dzongkhag

Structure: Gr anulose

Mineralogy: Quar tz, Micas, Feldspar, Gar net, Amphiboles

Type  of  metamorphism:  Ther mal  metamor phism.  It  is due to influence of temperature alone on the

pre-existing rock.

Colours: Gr ay, white, pink (var ies gr eatly depending on its content of mineral impurities)

Uses: If low gr ade, it is used for  constr uction mater ials, and if high grade, it is used in Ferro-silicon industry.


7.   Pebbly Phyllite

Collected from: Nganglam, Pemagatshel Dzongkhag

Mineralogy: Essential miner als like Micas + Chlor ite + Talc+ Hornblende + Tremolite + Actinolite + Kyanite Accessory minerals like Quartz + Feldspar + Staurolite Garnet + Alsite

Colours: Gr ay

Uses: Not used for economic pur poses in Bhutan.

 

 

  1. 8.   Calcareous Quartzite Collected from: Thimphu Dzongkhag Structure: Gr anulose

Mineralogy: Quar tz + Micas + Feldspar + Gar net + Amphiboles

Type  of  metamorphism:  Ther mal  metamor phism.  It  is due to influence of temperature alone on the

pre-existing rock.

Colours: Gr ay, white, pink (var ies gr eatly depending on its content of mineral impurities)

Uses: Constr uction mater ial

 

 

9.   Granetiferous Biotite Schist

 

Collected from: Thimphu Dzongkhag

Structure: Schistose

Mineralogy: Essential miner als like Micas + Chlorite+Talc+      Hornblende +Tremolite +Actinolite + Kyanite Accessory minerals like Quartz + Feldspar + Staurolite + Garnet+ Andalusite

Type of metamorphism: Dynother mal metamor phism. It is due to influence of directed pressure and temperature on the pre-existing rock in mero zone.

Colours: Mixtur e of black and white.

Uses: Not used for economic pur poses in Bhutan.

 

 

10.   Micaceous Quartzite

 

Collected from: Bunagu, Chunkha Dzongkhag

Structure: Gr anulose

Mineralogy: Quar tz + Micas + Feldspar + Biotite + Garnet + Amphiboles

Type  of  metamorphism:  Ther mal  metamor phism.  It  is due to influence of temperature alone on the

pre-existing rock.

Colours: Gr ay, white, pink (var ies gr eatly depending on its content of mineral impurities)

Uses: Constr uction mater ial

 

 

11.  Ferro-Silicon Grade Quartzite

 

Collected from: Hathi Dhunga, Sipsoo, Samtse Dzongkhag

Structure: Gr anulose

Mineralogy:  Quar tz  +  Micas  +  Feldspar  +  Gar net  + Ampboles

Type  of  metamorphism:  Ther mal  metamor phism.  It  is due to influence of temperature alone on the

pre-existing rock. It is    an  industrial  grade which  has more than 97% of silica.

Colours: Gr ay, white, pink (var ies gr eatly depending on its content of mineral impurities)

Uses: Used as r aw mater ial for Fer r o alloys pr oduction.

 

 

12.   Quartzite

 

Collected from: Wengkhar, Mongar Dzongkhag.

Quartzite is mostly or dominantly found in Shumar formation.

Structure: Gr anulose

Mineralogy: Quar tz + Micas + Feldspar + Gar net + Amphiboles

Type  of  metamorphism:  Ther mal  metamor phism.  It  is due to Influence of temperature alone on the

pre-existing rock.

Colours: Gr ay, white, pink (var ies gr eatly depending on its content of mineral impurities)

Uses: Constr uction mater ial (Low gr ade quar tzite).


13.   Pink quartzite

 

Collected from: Kalikhola, Sar pang Dzongkhag

Structure: Gr anulose

Mineralogy: Quar tz + Micas + Feldspar + Gar net + Amphiboles

Type  of  metamorphism:  Ther mal  metamor phism.  It  is due to influence of temperature alone on the

pre-existing rock.

Colours: Mostly pink  in  color  because of some miner al dominant.

Uses: Constr uction mater ial

 

 

14. Muscovite Collected from: Tsir ang Dzongkhag

Category: silicate miner als

Type of metamorphism: Muscovite also for ms when minerals are transformed when subjected to great heat or pressure. It usually forms in  metamorphic  rocks called schist and gneiss.

Colours: Gener ally of a white, gr ay or color less appearance

Uses: Not used for economic pur poses in Bhutan

 

 

  1. 15.     Slate Sha-Bhel Collected from: Wangdiphodr ang Dzongkhag Structure: Cataclastic/Schistose

Mineralogy: Micas + Chlor ite + Quar tz + Feldspar + Oxides of iron and many other minerals

Type of metamorphism: Cataclastic metamor phism. It is due to influence of directed pressure alone on the

pre-existing rock on epi-zone.

Colours: gr ay, r ed, br own and gr een r anging fr om dar k to  light.

Uses: Roofing, educational pur poses, and if pr oper ly se lected and laid is notably fire and water resisting, non- conductors of   heat, also durable and economical.

 

 

16.Pegmatite Collected from: Thimphu Dzongkhag Structure: Massive

Mineralogy: Quar tz + k-feldspar + Mica + Garnet

Metamorphism: It is coar se gr ained r ock or iginated fr om the magma. It is formed due to slow cooling of magma at greater depth in the crust under high temperature and pressure.

Colours: Pegmatite is often pinkish in color.

Uses: Pegmatites ar e r ich in quar tz, and often have a commercial concentration of metals such as gold and silver

 

 

  1. 17.   Granite Collected from: Shangawang Structure: Massive

Mineralogy: Essential miner als like Or thoclase + biotite

+   quartz, Accessories like Zircon + Apatite + Epidote

Metamorphism: Gr anite is a coar se gr ained r ock, for med from the magma at greater depth in the crust due to slow cooling of magma under high temperature and pressure.

Colours: pr evailing color s ar e:  Gr ays, gr eens, r eds etc. the color of granite depends on the proportions and varieties of the minerals in it.

Uses: Constr uction mater ial

 

 

18.   Conglomerate

Structure: Massive

Mineralogy: Quar tz + k-feldspar + Jasper + Chert + Ferruginous minerals

Colours: Dar k gr ey/ br own

Origin: A conglomer ate is a r ock consisting of individual clasts within a finer-grained matrix that have become cemented together. Conglomerate rocks looks like a mixture of sand and   different sizes of rounded pebbles

Uses: Constr uction mater ials

Renovation underway!

The much anticipated work of Ta-Dzong Renovation project has taken off with effect from July 1st 2014 under the supervision of structural engineer of Division for Conservation of Heritage Sites. The renovation will not alter the original structure, except in a very rare cases, as in windows which will be replaced by original stone windows.

The preparation of structural drawings and documentation are being carried out by architect of Division for Conservation Of Heritage Sites, on which the Ta-Dzong Conservation Project Management is adhering to and which the drawing has been reviewed and approved by relevant authorities in consultation with the museum management.

It is expected to be completed by December 2016 coinciding with the golden jubilee.